8 Things to Know About Industrial Robots
Industrial robots are being used to automate productions around the world. They have become a vital part of manufacturing and their use is expected to continue to grow over the next several years. Below is a look at some key things to know about industrial robots.
An industrial robot is defined as a multipurpose machine that can be controlled and programmed in three or more axes. These articulated robots can also be reprogrammed and either stationary or mobile. The main components of an industrial robot include the robotic manipulator (arm), controller, sensors, end effector (EOAT), and the drive also known as the engine or motor.
There are several different types of robots that fall under the industrial robot definition. These include:
- • Articulated
- • Delta
- • Cartesian
- • SCARA
- • Collaborative
- • Cylindrical
- • Polar
3. Robot characteristics are defined by robot specifications
There is set of specifications that are used to define the characteristics of an industrial robot. These specifications include robot structure, payload capacity, reach, axes, robot mass, repeatability, robot speed, and robot range. Reviewing a robot’s specifications can help potential buyers determine if a robot will be suitable for the process they are looking to automate.
4. Industrial robots are a form of flexible automation
Flexible automation involves programming and controlling a machine to be highly adaptable. Industrial robots are multipurpose and capable of automating several different applications. The FANUC M-20ia can be used for automated welding and material handling applications. Industrial robots can adapt to process, product, or application changes through reprogramming.
5. Industrial robots are not service robots
There is a difference between industrial robots and service robots. Industrial robots are designed to replace humans in order to automate production related tasks, mainly in manufacturing settings. Service robots are designed to assist humans or perform tasks for humans in residential or commercial settings.
6. Used industrial robots are less expensive than new robots
Used industrial robots cost 40% to 60% less than new robots. A used FANUC Arcmate 120ic is a more affordable alternative to a new industrial robot. Used robots provide many of the same benefits as new robots but make automating more cost-effective.
7. Welding is the most common industrial robot application
Nearly 50% of active robots are used for welding automation with the majority automating either spot welding or arc welding. The repetitive nature, precision, and hazards of welding applications make it ideal for robotic automation. The Motoman MA1440 is a popular arc welding robot.
8. The automotive industry is the largest user of industrial robots
Some of the vary first industrial robots were used by automotive manufacturers and today they still remain the largest user of industrial robots. Industrial robots are used for automated assembly, welding, material handling, painting, material removal, and machine tending processes involved with the manufacturing of automobiles.